What is an e-signature?

Under the Electronic Commerce Act 2006 (“ECA”), an e-signature is a signature adopted by a person in the form of any letter, character, symbol, number, sound or any of the combination which is created in an electronic form. An e-signature can replace a handwritten signature in virtually any process.

Different forms of e-signature: –


How is digital signature valid?

Yes. It is valid but the following conditions must be fulfilled:


What is the implication of signing under the digital signature?

A message shall be as valid, enforceable and effective as if it had been written on paper if: –


What documents can be executed via e-signature?

Corporate documents and contract.


What documents cannot be executed electronically?


Which certification authorities in Malaysia has the license from MCMC to issue digital certificates under the DSA?